Bharatpur

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The history of Bharatpur dates back to 5th century BC, when the Matsya kingdom flourished here. The Matsyas were allies of the Pandavas in the Mahabharata war. Legends say that the origin of the name Bharatpur is traced to Bharat, younger brother of Lord Ram. Laxman, the other brother, was given the most prestigious position as that of the family deity of the ruling family of Bharatpur. His name also appears in the state seals and coat-of-arms.
 
In the early seventeenth century by Maharaja Surajmal the city and the fort of Bharatpur have been founded. He established a state in the Braj region south of Delhi, with its capital at Deeg. Leaders such as Gokula, Raja Ram, Churaman and Badan Singh brought together all the Jats and moulded them into a force to be reckoned with. Maharaja Suraj Mal was the state's greatest ruler; he made the state a formidable force in the region. During the British Raj, the state covered an area of 5,123 km² and its rulers enjoyed a salute of 17 guns. The state acceded unto the Dominion of India in 1947. It was merged with three nearby princely states to form the "Matsya Union", which in turn was merged with other adjoining territories to create the present-day state of Rajasthan.
 
Within most villages or towns, everyone knows the relative rankings of each locally represented caste, and behavior is constantly shaped by this knowledge. Individuals are also ranked according to their wealth and power. For example, some powerful people, or big men, sit confidently on chairs, while little men come before them to make requests, either standing or squatting not presuming to sit beside a man of high status as an equal.
 
Bharatpur is also home to one of the world's best-known bird watching destinations, Keoladeo Ghana National Park (KNP). 250 years ago, the then ruler built embankments that allowed flooding of this land, turning it into a marsh. Named after the dense jungle that surrounded an old Shiva Temple, this 29 square kilometre man-made wetland is renowned for migratory birds – ducks, geese, waders, raptors, flycatchers and more. In winter, avid birders and ornithologists flock to the park to observe and study the feathered beauties. With more than 370 recorded species, KNP used to also host the Siberian crane. It is a World Heritage Site.
 
PLACES TO VISIT:

BHARATPUR PALACE AND MUSEUM
GANGA MANDIR
LAXMAN MANDIR
KEOLADEO GHANA NATIONAL PARK
LOHAGARH FORT
DEEG

Tourist Places

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in Rajasthan is famous hosting thousands of birds, especially during the winter season. There are over 230 species of birds at this sanctuary.There are enough must-buy popular item shops in Bharatpur like intricately carved jewellery of precious and semi-precious stones, marble carvings, handicrafts, brass work and Jaipur textiles etc.

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